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Monarda fistulosa - Bee Balm, Wild Bergamot (photo credit Missouri Botanical Garden)

Perennials

Monarda fistulosa

Bee Balm

Monarda fistulosa, commonly called wild bergamot or bee balm, is a common Missouri native perennial which occurs statewide in dryish soils on prairies, dry rocky woods and glade margins, unplanted fields and along roads and railroads. A clump-forming, mint family member that grows typically to 2-4' tall. Lavender, two-lipped, tubular flowers appear atop square stems. Flowers are attractive to bees and butterflies. The aromatic leaves may be used in teas. Long summer bloom period. Good mildew resistance.

Additional:

A nectar source for the following butterflies--Swallowtails and Silver-Spotted Skipper

In Grow Native!'s top 10 list of plants that attract pollinators!

Also known as Wild Bergamot

Bee Balm Growing and Maintenance Tips:

Best grown in dry to medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Tolerates somewhat poor soils and some drought. Plants need good air circulation. Deadhead flowers to prolong summer bloom. Tends to self-seed.

Height:

24-48 in

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Spread:

24-36 in

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Hardiness Zone:

3 - 9

Characteristics & Attributes for Monarda fistulosa

Exposure
Sun
Partial Shade
Soil Moisture Preference
Dry
Average
Attracts Wildlife
Hummingbirds
Butterflies
Critter Resistance
Deer Resistant
Season of Interest (Flowering)
Summer
Fall
Attributes
Native
Border or Bed
Fragrant
Mass Planting
Drought Tolerant
Great Companion Plants for Monarda fistulosa
Beard Tongue Beard Tongue (Penstemon digitalis 'Husker Red')
Aster, New England Aster, New England (Aster novae-angliae 'Purple Dome')
Purple Coneflower Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea )
Yarrow Yarrow (Achillea millefolium 'New Vintage Red')
Similar Plants to Monarda fistulosa
Bee Balm Bee Balm (Monarda didyma 'Grand Mum™')
Bee Balm Bee Balm (Monarda 'Fireball')
Bee Balm Bee Balm (Monarda didyma 'Balmy Purple')
Bee balm Bee balm (Monarda didyma 'Coral Reef')